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Planning Guidance: Economics
 

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Contract Report

  • Influence of Price and Rate Structures on Municipal and Industrial Water Use (1984)
    This report documents over 50 substantial studies of the response of municipal and industrial water use to price in an attempt to correct the poorly understood phenomenon of the sensitivity of water use to price. Most likely price elasticity ranges are given for non-seasonal and seasonal residential water use; average residential water use; and reported elasticities for industrial and commercial water use.
  • Regional Development Impacts and Their Measurements (1985)
    This report reviews several analytical models that can be used for estimating the regional economic development impacts of water resource projects. A review of the history of the Corps of Engineers' efforts to introduce a working concept of economic development in various regions of the United States is also included. The final section of the report presents the theory, techniques and data sources for three analytical models and evaluates each model.

    Engineer Circulars (ECs)

  • Engineer Circular 1110-2-6070: Comprehensive Evaluation of Project Datum (2009 Expiration: unlisted)
    This circular provides guidance for a comprehensive evaluation of vertical datum on flood control, shore protection, hurricane protection, and navigation projects.

    Economic Guidance Memoranda (EGMs)

  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-01: Fiscal Year 2000 Interest Rates (1999)
    This memorandum provides FY 2000 interest rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-02: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2000 (2000)
    This memorandum provides FY 2000 unit day values.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-03: Current Normalized Prices (2000)
    This memorandum provides FY 2000 normalized prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs (2000)
    FY 2000 NFIP operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-05: Fiscal Year 2000 Shallow Draft Vessel Operating Costs (2000)
    This memorandum provides FY 2000 shallow draft vessel operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 00-06: Fiscal Year 2000 Planning Guidance Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs (2000)
    This memorandum provides FY 2000 deep draft vessel operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 01-01: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2001 (2000)
    This memorandum provides FY 2001 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 01-02: Fiscal Year 2001 Interest Rates (2000)
    FY 2001 interest rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 01-03: Generic Depth-Damage Relationships (2000)
    Guidance for generic depth-damage curves for flood damage reduction studies.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 01-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2001 (2000)
    Summary of NFIP operating costs from FY 1973 through FY 2001.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 01-05: Current Normalized Prices, Fiscal Year 2000 (2000)
    Normalized prices for years 1995-2000, at state and national level.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-01: Current Normalized Prices (2001)
    Provides data used in the economic evaluation of Corps of Engineers projects affecting agriculture.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-02: Federal Discount Rate Fiscal Year 2002 (2002)
    Provides federal discount rate.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-03: Current State and County Income Index Data, Current Eligibility Factor Formula (Ability to Pay). (2002)
    State and county income index data, eligibility factor formula.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-04: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2002 (2002)
    FY 2002 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-05: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2002 (2002)
    NFIP operating costs from FY 1973 to FY 2002.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 02-06: Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs Fiscal Year 2002 (2000)
    General technical support document for deep draft vessel operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 03-01: Current Normalized Prices (2002)
    This memorandum provides normalized prices for years 1997-2002, at both state and national levels.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 03-02: Federal Discount Rate, Fiscal Year 2003 (2003)
    This memorandum provides federal discount rate.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 03-03: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2003 (2003)
    This memorandum provides FY 2003 NFIP operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 03-04: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2003 (2003)
    FY 2003 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 04-01: Generic Depth-Damage Relationships for Residential Structures with Basements (2003)
    Guidance for generic depth-damage curves for flood damage reduction studies.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 04-02: Federal Discount Rate Fiscal Year 2004 (2004)
    FY 2004 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 04-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2004 (2004)
    FY 2004 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 04-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2004 (2004)
    This memorandum provides NFIP operating costs from FY 1973 to FY 2004.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 04-05: Current Normalized Prices (2004)
    Notice of the availability of normalized agricultural prices from the USDA.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-01: Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs Fiscal Year 2005 - General Technical Support Document (2005)
    Deep draft vessel costs for use in determining potential benefits of waterway improvement projects.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-02: Current Normalized Prices (2004)
    Current (2004) Normalized Prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-03: Current State and County Income Index Data, Current Eligibility Factor Formula (Ability to Pay) (2004)
    Current (Oct 2004) per capita personal income index data and the current eligibility factor formula.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-04: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2005 (2005)
    FY 2005 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-05: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2005 (2004)
    FY 2005 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-06: Shallow Draft Vessels Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2004 (2004)
    FY 2004 shallow draft vessels operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 05-07: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2005 (2004)
    FY 2005 NFIP operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 06-01: Current Normalized Prices (2005)
    Current (Oct 2005) normalized prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 06-02: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2006 (2005)
    FY 2006 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 06-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2006 (2005)
    FY 2006 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 06-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs, Fiscal Year 2006 (2006)
    FY 2006 NFIP operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 07-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2007 (2006)
    FY 2007 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 07-02: Current Normalized Prices (2006)
    Current (Nov 2006) normalized prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 07-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2007 (2006)
    FY 2007 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 07-04: Current State and County Income Index Data, Current Eligibility Factor Formula (Ability to Pay) (2006)
    Current (Dec 2006) state and county income index data and the current eligibility factor formula.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 08-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2008 (2007)
    Provides information on Federal interest rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 08-02: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2008 (2007)
    FY 2008 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 08-03: Current Normalized Prices (2007)
    Current (Oct 2007) normalized prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 08-04: Deep-Draft Vessel Operating Costs Fiscal Year 2008 (2007)
    Deep draft vessel costs for use in determining potential benefits of waterway improvement projects.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 08-05: Current State and County Income Index Data, Current Eligibility Factor Formula (Ability to Pay). (2008)
    Current (2008) state and county income index data and the current eligibility factor formula.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 09-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2009 (2008)
    Provides information on Federal interest rates
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 09-02: Current Normalized Prices, Fiscal Year 2009 (2008)
    This memorandum provides a data link used in the economic evaluation of Corps of Engineers projects affecting agriculture.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 09-04: Generic Depth-Damage Relationships for Vehicles (2009)
    Guidance for generic vehicle depth-damage curves for flood damage reduction studies.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 09-05: Current State and County Income Index Data, Current Eligibility Factor Formula (Ability to Pay) (2009)
    Current (Jun 2009) state and county income index data and the current eligibility factor formula.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 10-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2010 (2009)
    FY 2010 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 10-02: Current Normalized Prices (2009)
    This memorandum provides current (Oct 2009) normalized prices.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 10-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2010 (2009)
    This memorandum provides FY 2010 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 11-04: Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs FY 2009/2010 (2011)
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 11-05: Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs FY 2011 (2011)
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 12-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 2012 (2011)
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 12-02: Current Normalized Prices (2011)
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 98-01: Federal Interest Rates for Corps of Engineers Projects for Fiscal Year 1998 (1998)
    This memorandum provides information on Federal interest rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 98-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 1998 (1998)
    This memorandum provides FY 1998 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 98-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs (1998)
    This memorandum provides FY 1998 NFIP operating costs. It also shows NFIP costs since 1972.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 99-02: Fiscal Year 1999 Interest Rates (1998)
    This memorandum provides FY 1999 interest and discount rates.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 99-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 1999 (1999)
    This memorandum provides FY 1999 unit day values for recreation.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 99-04: National Flood Insurance Program Operating Costs (1999)
    This memorandum provides FY 1999 NFIP operating costs.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum 99-05: Deep Draft Vessel Operating Costs (1999)
    This memorandum provides deep draft vessel costs for use in determining potential benefits of waterway improvement projects.
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum Number 03-02: Federal Discount Rate FY 2003
  • Economic Guidance Memorandum, 09-03: Unit Day Values for Recreation, Fiscal Year 2009 (2008)
    FY 2009 unit day values for recreation.

    Engineer Manuals (EMs)

  • Engineer Manual 1110-2-1619: Risk-Based Analysis for Flood Damage Reduction Studies (1996)
    Procedures described in this manual lead to estimation of expected benefits of proposed flood damage reduction plans using risk and uncertainty analysis.

    Engineer Pamphlets (EPs)

  • Engineer Pamphlet 1110-2-10: Hydrologic Engineering Analysis Concepts for Cost-Shared Flood Damage Reduction Studies (1994 Update needed)
    Engineer Pamphlet describes study processes performed by USACE for Federal flood damage reduction cost projects.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1110-2-8: Explaining Flood Risk (1992)
    Engineer Pamphlet improves the technical expert's skills in communicating information about flood risk to local officials and the public.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500 Appendix F: Example of Combining Risks and Consequences: (1996)
    Engineer Pamphlet evaluates procedures for major rehabilitation where risk-based benefit-cost analysis is used.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500, Appendix C: Conceptual Approach for Analyzing Rehabilitation (1996)
    This guidance provides a conceptual approach for analyzing rehabilitation. It requires risk-based benefit-cost analysis and criteria.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500, Appendix E: Benefits Evaluation Procedures (1996)
    This appendix outlines basic procedures that can be used to evaluate rehabilitation for navigation and hydropower project purposes.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix A: References (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet lists references in "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix B: Legislation Pertinent to the Water Resources Program of the Corps of Engineers (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet lists pertinent legislation in "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix C: Executive Orders Pertinent to the Water Resources Program of the Corps of Engineers (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet lists pertinent executive orders in the "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix D: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities- Appendix D: Office of Management and Budget Circulars (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet lists Office of Management and Budget Circulars in the "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix E: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities- Appendix E: Interagency Agreements related to Water Resources (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet describes interagency agreements related to water resources.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix F: Index (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides an index for "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 03: General Policies (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides information on the policies that guide Corps decision making and policy making. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 06: Project Cost Sharing and Repayment (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides an in-depth look at how cost sharing and repayment applies to different types of Corps projects. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 10: Construction (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides a detailed look at all facets of Corps project construction. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 11: Operations, Maintenance, and Project Management (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides a detailed look at many facets of Corps project management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 12: Navigation (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet describes the Corps' role in navigation, federal policies covering navigation, and the construction aspects of navigation projects. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 13: Flood Damage Reduction (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet provides basic background on flood plain management, including structural and nonstructural measures. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 14: Shore Protection (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet discusses the federal interest in beach erosion, flood protection, beach nourishment and emergency protection, among other topics. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 16: Hydroelectric Power (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet discusses the Corps' responsibilities, how the projects get built,and how the power is sold. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 17: Recreation (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet discusses federal recreation policy and philosophy, different types of recreation projects, project evaluation, and project finance. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 19: Environmental Restoration and Protection (1999)
    Engineer Pamphlet discusses ecosystem restoration, environmental authorities within WRDA, wetland policy, other applicable federal policies, and project management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities (1999)
    A summary of Corps administrative and legislative water resources policies and authorities.
  • Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-314: Flood Proofing Regulations (1995 Update needed)
    Engineer Pamphlet specifies flood-proofing measures and techniques that can be followed to regulate construction in riverine flood hazard areas.
  • EP 1105-2-57: Planning Stakeholder Engagement, Collaboration and Coordination (formerly Appendix B of the PGN) (2019)
    This pamphlet explains the benefits of, and requirements for, stakeholder engagement, collaboration, and coordination in Civil Works planning studies. These activities are critical to study success because they may foster trust and credibility between USACE and the communities we serve; increase collective understanding of problems; reduce controversy and litigation risks; and improve the quality and execution of our decisions. Note: This EP replaces the existing Appendix B of the Planning Guidance Notebook.

    Engineer Regulations (ERs)

  • Engineer Regulation 1105-2-100: Planning Guidance Notebook, Appendix E, Civil Works Mission and Evaluation Procedures (2000)
  • Engineer Regulation 1105-2-100: Planning Guidance Notebook, Appendix G - Amendment #1, Planning Reports and Programs (2004)
    This appendix provides guidance and procedures for the management and conduct of planning studies, activities, and programs.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-1-12: Quality Management (2006)
    Contains information on Project Management Plans, Independent Technical Review, and Risk Management.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-1-8156: Engineering and Design Policies, Guidance and Requirements for Geospatial Data and Systems (2005)
    This regulation describes how to acquire geospatial data, how to implement geospatial data technology, reduce data duplication, and how to comply with Executive Order (EO) 12906, and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-16.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-1-8158: Corps-Wide Centers of Expertise Program (1998)
    This regulation defines the policy and process for establishing and maintaining expert designations under the Corps-wide Centers of Expertise (CX) Program. The program provides an inventory of specialized knowledge and skills within the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) that can furnish beneficial and expert assistance to all Corps elements.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1406: Coastal Field Data Collection (1990)
    This regulation describes the Coastal Field Data Collection (CFDC) Program
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1455: Cooperative Stream Gaging Program (Reports Control Symbol, DAEN-CWH-3) (1984)
    This regulation establishes policy, provides background, and discusses management of the Cooperative Stream Gaging Program.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8159: Life-cycle Design and Performance (1997)
    This regulation defines engineering policies for selection of all systems, components, and materials for Civil Works projects.
  • Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8160: Policies for Referencing Project Elevation Grades to Nationwide Vertical Datum (2009)
    This regulation provides guidance for proper and accurately referenced materials for flood forecasting, inundation modeling, flood insurance rate maps, navigation charting, and topographic mapping.
  • Engineer Regulation 1130-2-445: Civil Works Digital Project Notebook (2000)
    This regulation provides guidance for updating the Civil Works Digital Project Notebook (DPN) using the Internet.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-117: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Responsibility for Costs of Improved Standards in Highway and Housing Relocations (1978)
    This regulation summarizes policy and procedures for identifying the costs of meeting improved standards when highways and housing are relocated due to construction of civil works projects.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-121: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Flood Control Cost-Sharing Requirements Under the Ability-to-Pay Provision-Section 103(M) of PL 99-662 (1989)
    This regulation gives instruction on implementation of Section 103(M) as it applies to flood control projects.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-130: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Federal Participation in Shore Protection (1989)
    This regulation provides policies and guidelines for determining the extent of federal participation in potential federal projects for protection from shore erosion, hurricanes, and abnormal tidal and lake flooding that result in damages or losses to coastal resources and/or development.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-21: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Flood Damage Reduction Measures in Urban Areas (1980)
    This regulation provides policy and guidance for participation in urban flood damage reduction projects.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-25: Navigation Policy- Cost Apportionment of Bridge Alterations (1979)
    This regulation provides policies and guidelines for the apportionment of bridge alteration costs required in connection with navigation improvements.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-400, Chapter 1: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Recreational Planning, Development, and Management Policies (1985)
    This regulation defines objectives, philosophies, and policies for the planning, development, and management of outdoor recreation and wildlife at USACE projects.
  • Engineer Regulation 1165-2-503: Resources Policies and Authorities - Office of Management and Budget Clearance for The Questionnaires for U.S. Army Engineer Civil Works Studies and Projects (2007)
    This regulation establishes instructions on clearance for the questionnaires for U.S. Army Engineer Civil Works Studies and Projects (OMB Control Number 0710-0001).
  • Engineer Regulation 200-1-5: Policy for Implementation and Integrated Application of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Environmental Operating Principles (EOP) and Doctrine (2003)
    This regulation provides guidance on the implementation and integration of the Environmental Operating Principles across management initiatives and business processes.

    Evaulation of Environmental Investment Research Program

  • Development of an Integrated Bio-Economic Planning System for Corps of Engineers' Planning Projects: Conceptual Design (1996)

    Federal Infrastructure Strategy Program

  • Local Public Finance Impact Model: User's Guide and Technical Documentation (1994)

    Institute for Water Resources

  • Agricultural Flood Control Benefits and Land Values (1971)
    This report is designed to present in some detail the results of successfully applying a land value approach using a multiple linear regression technique to two study areas. The bulk of the monograph is not directed to analyzing the utility of the approach per se, although the strengths and weaknesses are reviewed. The main concern is with a rather detailed exposition of the statistical analysis of areas in the Wabash and Missouri River Basins. In this respect it is written primarily for use at the field levels of the Corps to serve as a guide to the use of the approach in terms of the types of data required, the form of the data for use in the regression model, and the interpretation of the estimated regression model.
  • Analysis of Alternative Procedures for the Evaluation of Agricultural Flood Control Benefits (1971)
    This report is devoted to evaluating alternative methodologies to the frequency damage procedure for estimating agricultural crop flood control benefits. The Economic Research Service Regional Linear Programming model has been extended to the case of project analysis. The RLP model operates in the same way as a basin-wide firm and estimates the change in production costs (out of pocket cost) as flood protection (and drainage) measures are provided. Efficiency benefits are equal to decreases in production costs, since output is held constant. Critical assumptions and several major empirical problems encountered during the study are discussed. Finally, Part IV is a synopsis of the utility of the land value approach, the regional linear programming approach, and the frequency-damage approach.
  • Analysis of Nonresidential Content Value and Depth-Damage Data for Flood Damage Reduction Studies (1996)
  • Assessment of the Economic Benefits from Flood Damage Mitigation by Relocation and Evacuation (1985)
    The object of this research was to assess the current Corps procedures used in the economic evaluation of flood plain relocation and evacuation plans for flood damage mitigation. Based on this assessment, the report offers a theoretically sound framework to evaluate the NED benefits from evacuation and relocation plans.
  • Beyond Expected Value: Making Decisions Under Risk and Uncertainty (2002)
  • Budget Constraints and Decision Making: Development of Policy Guidelines for Planning of Civil Works Programs and Projects (1997)
  • Bussey Lake: Demonstration Study of Incremental Analysis in Environmental Planning (1993)
  • Comparing Benefit Estimation Techniques: Residential Flood Hazard Reduction Benefits, Virginia (1998)
  • Critique of the Use of Existence Values in the Evaluation of Water Resource Development Projects (1993)
  • Economic and Environmental Considerations for Incremental Cost Analysis in Mitigation Planning (1991)
    This work unit focuses on investigating the issues, problems and techniques relevant to conducting incremental cost analysis for mitigating fish and wildlife losses resulting from Corps water resources projects.
  • Economics of Water-Based Recreation: A Survey and Critique of Recent Developments (1971)
    This report is a survey and critique of the literature and practice of estimating use of and benefits from outdoor recreation for the purpose of determining the direction of further research efforts by the Corps of Engineers. The report outlines the conceptual and empirical difficulties associated with the various methodologies in use and suggests promising approaches to improved analysis within the framework of multiple objectives of water resources development.
  • Environmental Evaluation: The Role of Stakeholder Communication and Collaborative Planning (1996)
  • Estimating Life Loss for Dam Safety Risk Assessment--A Review and New Approach (2002)
  • Evaluation of Environmental Investments Procedures Manual - Interim: Cost Effectiveness and Incremental Cost Analyses (1995)
  • Evaluation of Environmental Investments Procedures: Interim Overview Manual (1996)
  • Evaluation of Environmental Investments Procedures: Overview Manual (1996)
  • Framework for Estimating National Economic Development Benefits and Other Beneficial Effects of Flood Warning and Preparedness Systems (1994)
  • FY 2000 Planning Guidance Shallow Draft Vessel Costs (2000)
  • Handbook on Applying "Other Social Effects" Factors in Corps of Engineers Water Resources Planning (2009)
    The Corps has recognized that there are many implementation issues that need to be addressed if OSE factors are to play a greater role in water resources planning. IWR was directed to provide tools to Corps planners to help integrate OSE analysis into project planning.
  • Introduction to Risk and Uncertainty in the Evaluation of Environmental Investments (1996)
  • Lessons Learned from Cost Effectiveness and Incremental Cost Analyses (2002)
  • Linkages Between Environmental Outputs and Human Services (1996)
  • Lock Rehabilitation a Public Infrastructure Problem: The Value of Increased Productivity in Mean Lockage Performance (1987)
    The nation's inland waterways infrastructure is aging and in need of rehabilitation and replacement. Economic analyses to date have overlooked the value of increased mean productivity, which results from lock rehabilitation. Productivity increases are measured in terms of decreases in the mean time it takes to transit a lock. The analysis develops a dynamic model for estimating these values.
  • Making More Informed Decisions in Your Watershed When Dollars Aren't Enough (1998)
  • Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of Employment Generation Benefits of a Public Water Resource Development Project in Appalachia (1972)
    The study seeks (1) to develop a method of measuring the employment generation benefits from a federal water resource investment in a depressed area, (2) to relate such benefits to the social cost and economic benefit-cost ratio, and (3) to analyze the sensitivity of employment generation benefits to various types and locations of water project investment within areas designated as depressed regions. The Upper Licking River project in the Appalachian portion of Kentucky was chosen as the study area. The study carefully examines the sensitivity of a variety of assumptions about the character of the location in which projects are constructed, the composition of the demands for labor and materials in various types of engineering alternatives, and various patterns of response by otherwise unemployed factors of production. The report concludes that conventional B/C analysis should utilize otherwise unemployed resources, that those impacts should extend to the analysis of economic development induced by the project, that those benefits from utilization vary greatly with the type and location of the project with respect to the distribution of idle resources, with demand functions of production and the response pattern of idle resources to incremental demand. Finally and most importantly, the report concludes that public water resource investment decisions should be more discriminating in the type and location of investments. This requires investigation of the foregone benefits from alternative types and location of water projects and from competing public works projects.
  • Methodology for Assessing Economic Risk of Water Supply Shortages (1972)
    This report develops a procedure for estimating income losses, to a defined region, associated with varying degrees of water shortage resulting in a frequency-loss function. An empirical list of the procedure was developed for the York, Pennsylvania Water Service Area, which experienced a substantial water shortage in 1966. Study of community response to actual or potential drought reveals a number of different perspectives - the water manager, residential, commercial and industrial users and government. This study opens the way to an alternative method of assessing the benefits for adequate municipal water supplies; it distinguishes between short-run and long-run plans; and the role which each plays in resource planning.
  • Monetary Measurement of Environmental Goods and Services: Framework and Summary of Techniques for Corps Planners (1996)
  • National Economic Development (NED) Manual for Deep Draft Navigation (2010)
    This deep draft navigation NED manual is one of a series of guides to assist Corps field economists in computing National Economic Development benefits. The Manual describes accepted economic analysis procedures for deep draft navigation projects.
  • National Economic Development Manual: Agricultural Flood Damage (1987)
    The primary purpose of this report is to provide an expanded description of the agricultural benefit evaluation procedures recommended in the Water Resources Council's Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. The report presents specific procedures for the entire process of agricultural benefit estimation and is intended for use in project feasibility planning and evaluation. It is intended to be a reference guide to questions an analyst might have in conducting an agricultural benefit evaluation.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Coastal Storm Damage and Erosion (1991)
    This manual describes coastal storm damage erosion prevention benefit evaluation procedures based on principles included in the U.S. Water Resources Council's Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. The report presents selected, specific procedures for the entire process of benefit estimation and is intended for use in project feasibility planning and evaluation. It is intended to serve as a reference guide to questions posed by an economic analyst in conducting a coastal storm damage and erosion prevention benefit evaluation.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Flood Risk Management Manual (2013)
    This manual, IWR Report 2013-R-05, describes flood risk management benefit evaluation procedures, and is intended for use in project feasibility planning and evaluation.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: National Economic Development Costs (1993)
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Overview (2009)
    This manual provides an overview of basic economic concepts and measures underlying the use of National Economic Development (NED) analysis in civil works planning studies. It was developed to complement the series of separate Procedures Manuals that provide detailed procedural guidance on computing NED benefits for various NED purposes.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Primer (2009)
    As the Corps of Engineers strives to improve its planning and decision making, economic analysis is one of its most reliable and important tools. A critical element of successful economic analysis is communication with others in gathering data, making assumptions, developing models, and presenting results. This Economics Primer presents the rudiments of the science of economics and its use in the Corps of Engineers.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Public Surveys Volume I - Use and Adaptation of Office of Management & Budget Approved Survey Questionnaires (1993)
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Recreation Volume III, A Case Study Application of Contingent Value Method for Estimating Urban Recreation Use and Benefits (1990)
    The purpose of this report is to illustrate, through case study description, the practical application of the CVM method to recreation evaluation in an actual planning study. The case study description is meant to serve as a practical guide and, therefore, emphasizes what was done more than the concepts behind the techniques used. It is not intended to be a detailed guide of the entire planning process, but rather highlights the activities or outcomes from this process that involved the development, conduct, and application of the CVM analysis. Specific objectives of this manual are: to illustrate an urban application of the CVM method to recreation demand and benefit estimation, to illustrate the development of regional valuation models, and to describe the potential transferability of the procedures and/or findings of this case study to other planning applications.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Recreation Volume IV (1991)
    This is the fourth of a series of manuals designed to provide recreation evaluation procedures to further implement the "Principles and Guidelines" of the U.S. Water Resources Council. The emphasis of the first three volumes of this series was, primarily, on the evaluation of providing new or additional facility developments. This manual emphasizes the evaluation of qualitative differences in the recreation experience. The primary purpose of this manual is to describe procedures and methodologies for valuating changes in recreation use values that result from management decisions impacting on recreation facilities and services and on the related natural resource base.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Recreation, Volume I - Recreation Use and Benefit Estimation Techniques (1986)
    The primary purpose of this report is to provide an expanded description of the recreation evaluation procedures recommended in the Water Resources Council's "Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies." The report summarizes the conceptual basis of procedures for recreation valuation associated with water and related land resource planning, describes the mechanics of acceptable valuation methods, and offers criteria for determining the applicability of various methods to particular planning situations.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Urban Flood Damage Volume II (1991)
    This is the second in a series of manuals designed to provide procedures and techniques to measure flood damage and to further implement the "Principles and Guidelines" of the U.S. Water Resources Council. This manual is a primer for conducting comprehensive flood damage and related surveys. It explains how basic principles of survey research can be applied to data collection for flood damage studies. Two prototype questionnaires (one face-to-face and one mail with a preliminary telephone supplement) are presented. Examples from previous applications of these questionnaires provide insight as to how they may be adapted and implemented for flood damage studies.
  • National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Urban Flood Damage, Volume 1 (1988)
    The primary purpose of this report is to provide an expanded description of the urban benefit evaluation procedures recommended in the Water Resources Council's Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies. The report presents specific procedures for the entire process of urban benefit estimation and is intended for use in project feasibility planning and evaluation. It is intended to be a reference guide to questions an analyst might have in conducting an urban benefit evaluation.
  • Non-Federal Cost Recovery and Financing for Water Projects (1994)
    Reviews non-Federal financing instruments and revenue sources for water resources projects. Assesses benefits of careful financial analysis and planning for water projects. Reviews financing and cost recovery techniques applicable to each water project purpose.
  • Plan Formulation and Evaluation Studies - A Generalized Recreation Day Use Planning Model Volume V (1974)
    This report presents refined procedural guidelines for estimating reservoir recreation use and benefits for planning of water resources developments. The general planning model described and tested herein consists of the development of regional estimators for predicting recreation use at proposed reservoir projects and the operation on these estimators to derive the individual project demand schedules for estimating recreation benefits. The methodology presented is theoretically and empirically more precise than estimating procedures currently employed and is consistent with other existing and proposed authoritative standards for evaluating water resource development.
  • Practical Guide on Conducting Expert-Opinion Elicitation of Probabilities and Consequences for Corps Facilities (2001)
  • Proceedings, Economic & Social Scientist Workshop (1986)
    The theme and reason for the workshop was to provide a wide range of views on cost sharing so that everyone could better understand the benefits, requirements and hazards of the new cost-sharing policies. The workshop took place in Baltimore, Maryland at the Days Inn on 27-30 May 1986.
  • Regional Model of the Future Demand for Transportation: The Case of Barge Transportation (1974)
  • Review of Monetary and Non-Monetary Valuation of Environmental Investments (1995)
  • Trade-Off Analysis for Environmental Projects: An Annotated Bibliography (1995)
  • U.S. Cruise Industry - Evaluation of National Economic Development Benefits Final Report (1999)
  • Use of the Mail Survey Method to Determine Home Content Values in Two Regional Studies (1994)
    This is the first in a series of reports that document application of public survey techniques to obtain information for Corps of Engineers planning studies. This paper demonstrates the use of a modified mail survey method to estimate household content values.
  • Valuation of Lake Resources through Hedonic Pricing (1992)

    Guidance Memos

  • Memo: Application of Cost Risk Analysis Methods to Develop Contingencies for Civil Works Total Project Costs (2007)
    In accordance with the Corps Actions for Change (ref.la), to more accurately identify and mitigate cost and schedul,e risk to our customers and Congress, this memorandum directs the use of specific cost risk analysis methods for the development of contingency on Civil Works Total Project Cost. This is applicable for all decision documents requiring Congressional authorization for projects exceeding $40 million.
  • Memo: Improve Accuracy of Total Project Costs (2007)
    Initiatives to improve accuracy of total project costs in Civil Works feasibility studies requiring Congressional authorization

    National Shoreline Management Study

  • Addressing Economic Considerations in Shoreline Protection Proceedings of a Workshop for the National Shoreline Management Study (2004)
    In July 2002, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (Corps) Institute for Water Resources (IWR) jointly sponsored a workshop with the Center for Economic Research, The George Washington University (GWU), to identify and discuss economic and financial considerations associated with shoreline protection. These proceedings provide a record of the workshop activities, including an overview of each speaker's presentation, copies of any slides or overheads used, and references to related readings or papers provided by the speakers.
  • Economics of the Shoreline: An Annotated Bibliography for the National Shoreline Management Study (2004)
    This report reviews 100 studies and reports pertaining to the economic consequences of shoreline change and related issues. This document will serve as a resource for the National Shoreline Management Study (NSMS) and is the first step towards developing a comprehensive bibliography of literature relevant to assessing the economic impacts of shoreline erosion and accretion and to inform eventual NSMS recommendations on appropriate levels of Federal and non-Federal participation in shoreline protection at the NSMS completion. This literature search focused mostly on three topics for the NSMS: (1) market and policy incentives related to public and private shoreline use and management decisions, (2) identification of the benefits and costs of shoreline protection, and (3) consideration of the fiscal impacts and financing of shoreline protection.

    NETS

  • 2005 Depaepe-Willems Contest Submission (2005)
    NETS activity: 2005 Depaepe-Willems Contest Submission: Determining Economic Efficiency in Harbors
  • Analysis of Towboat Operating Areas (2006)
    NETS activity: Analysis of Towboat Operating Areas
  • Analysis of Towboat Operating Areas: Addendum Presenting Findings from Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center Data (2006)
    NETS activity: Towboat Operating Areas
  • Columbia/Snake River Transportation Study (2005)
    NETS activity: Columbia/Snake River Transportation Study
  • Determining System Capacity to Accommodate Grain Flows By Rail to the Mississippi River at St. Louis (2005)
    NETS Report: Determining System Capacity to Accommodate Grain Flows by Rail to the Mississippi River at St. Louis
  • Development of Commodity Driven Vessel Movements for Economic Analysis of Port Improvements (2006)
    NETS HarborSym paper
  • Discrete Event Simulation Model of a Congested Segment of the Upper Mississippi River Inland Navigation System (2004)
    NETS activity: A Discrete Event Simulation Model of a Congested Segment of the Upper Mississippi River Inland Navigation System
  • Econometric Analysis of Stated-Preference Experiments Constructed from Revealed-Preference Choices (2005)
    NETS activity: Econometric Analysis of Stated-Preference Experiments Constructed from Revealed-Preference Choices
  • Estimation of Demands at the Pool Level (2005)
    NETS activity: Estimation of Demands at the Pool Level
  • Event Study of the August 2004 McAlpine Lock Closure (2005)
    NETS activity: Event Study of the August 2004 McAlpine Lock Closure
  • Genetic Algorithms for Selecting and Scheduling Waterway Projects Phase 2 Final Report (2006)
    NETS Navigation System Simulation Model report
  • Hannibal Locks and Dam: Causes and Consequences of Lock Closures 21 October to 16 November 2005 (2006)
    NETS activity: Event Studies: Hannibal Locks and Dam
  • HSAM (2005)
    NETS activity: HSAM: An Interactive Immersive Animation Deep-Draft Maritime Traffic Simulations
  • Longer-Term Forecasting of Commodity Flows on the Mississippi River: Application to Grains and World Trade (2006)
    NETS report
  • Long-Term Forecasting of World Grain Trade and U.S. Gulf Exports (2004)
    NETS activity: Long-Term Forecasting of World Grain Trade and U.S. Gulf Exports: Submitted to the Transportation Research Board for Publication in Transportation Research Record
  • Long-Term Forecasting of World Grain Trade and US Gulf Exports (2004)
    NETS activity: Long-Term Forecasting of World Grain Trade and US Gulf Exports
  • Market Adjustments Over Transportation Networks (2005)
    NETS activity: Market Adjustments Over Transportation Networks: A Time Series Analysis of Grain Movements on the Mississippi Inland Waterway System
  • McAlpine Lock Closure in August 2004 (2005)
    NETS activity: McAlpine Lock Closure in August 2004: Shipper and Carrier Response Results of Surveys
  • Model of Spatial Market Areas and Transportation Demand (2005)
    NETS activity: A Model of Spatial Market Areas and Transportation Demand
  • Monte Carlo Analysis of SP-off-RP Data (2007)
    NETS Report: Modeling Preferences for Upper Mississippi Grain Movements: The Mid-American Grain Study
  • Navigation Economics Technology Research Program (2006)
  • Navigation System Simulation (NaSS) Design Document (2006)
    NETS activity: Navigation System Simulation Design
  • New Measures of Port Efficiency Using International Trade Data (2006)
    NETS activity: New Measures of Port Efficiency Using International Trade Data
  • Ohio River Transportation Needs Survey (2008)
    NETS: Ohio River Basin Shipper Response Survey
  • Patterns in Geographic Elasticity Estimates of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers (2005)
    NETS activity: Patterns in Geographic Elasticity Estimates of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers
  • Port Efficiency and Trade Flows (2006)
    NETS Port Development, Internal Transport Systems and International Trade Report
  • Recent Trends in Output, Industrial Organization, and the Willingness to Pay in the United States Inland Waterborne Commercial Transportation Industry (2003)
    NETS activity: Recent Trends in Output, Industrial Organization, and the Willingness to Pay in the United States Inland Waterborne Commercial Transportation Industry
  • Seasonality and Geographic Trends for Grain Shipment on the Upper Mississippi River and Illinois Waterway (2004)
    NETS activity: Seasonality and Geographic Trends for Grain Shipment on the Upper Mississippi River and Illinois Waterway
  • Shipper and Carrier Response to the July-August 2004 Lock 27 Closure (2006)
    NETS activity: Lock 27
  • Shipper and Carrier Response to the June-July 2008 Upper Mississippi River Flood Emergency Closure of Locks 12-25 (2009)
    Mississippi River Locks 12-25 (UMR 556 to 241) are critical to navigation on the Upper Mississippi River. In 2007 Lock 12 passed about 18 million tons, and Lock 25 passed about 30 million tons. Between June 13 and July 5, 2008, these locks were sequentially closed to navigation traffic for an unscheduled shutdown of the river due to flooding. A survey of the shippers and carriers affected by the emergency lock closures was conducted between 14 January and 6 March for the purpose of discerning industry reactions to the closures and the associated costs.
  • Shipper and Carrier Response to the October-December 2005 and January-February 2006 Lock 27 Closures (2006)
    NETS activity: Lock 27
  • Shipper and Carrier Response to the September-October 2003 Greenup Main Lock Closure (2005)
    NETS activity: Shipper and Carrier Response to the September-October 2003 Greenup Main Lock Closure
  • Shippers' Responses to Changes in Transportation Rates and Times (2004)
    NETS activity: Shippers' Responses to Changes in Transportation Rates and Times: The Mid-American Grain Study
  • Spatial Competition, Supply, and Transportation Demand (2005)
    NETS activity: Spatial Competition, Supply, and Transportation Demand: A Study of Elevator Competition and Waterway Demands with Geographically Varying Elasticities and Spatial Autocorrelation
  • Spatial Modeling in Transportation (2004)
    NETS activity: Spatial Modeling in Transportation: Congestion and Mode Choice
  • Study of Short-Run Movements in Grain on the Inland Waterway System (2004)
    NETS activity: A Study of Short-Run Movements in Grain on the Inland Waterway System
  • Survey of the Freight Transportation Demand Literature and a Comparison of Elasticity Estimates (2005)
    NETS activity: A Survey of the Freight Transportation Demand Literature and a Comparison of Elasticity Estimates
  • System-Wide Lock Reliability Analysis Phase 0 (2005)
    NETS activity: System-Wide Lock Reliability Analysis Phase 0: Proof of Concept
  • Tradeable Permit Markets for Locks on Inland Waterways (2005)
    NETS activity: Tradeable Permit Markets for Locks on Inland Waterways
  • Transportation Demand for Agricultural Products in the Upper Mississippi and Illinois River Basin (2007)
    NETS Report: Modeling Preferences for Upper Mississippi Grain Movements: The Mid-American Grain Study
  • Transportation Demand for Grain Shipment (2004)
    NETS activity: Transportation Demand for Grain Shipment: A Revealed and Stated Preference Approach
  • Transportation Demands for the Movement of Non-Agricultural Commodities Pertinent to the Upper Mississippi and Illinois River Basin (2007)
    NETS Report: Modeling Preferences for Upper Mississippi Grain Movements: The Mid-American Grain Study
  • Transportation Demands in the Columbia-Snake River Basin (2006)
    NETS activity: Transportation Demands in the Columbia-Snake River Basin
  • Transportation Market Equilibrium (2005)
    NETS activity: Transportation Market Equilibrium: A Theoretical Approach
  • Understanding Grain Movements for Demand Estimation (2004)
    NETS activity: Understanding Grain Movements for Demand Estimation: The Columbia-Snake River System in Washington State
  • Vessel, Firm, and Lock Efficiency Measures in Lock Performance (2005)
    NETS activity: Vessel, Firm, and Lock Efficiency Measures in Lock Performance
  • Visualization for Navigation Simulation Models - Why, What, and How (2006)
    NETS HarborSym Paper

    Policy and Special Studies Program

  • After Workshop Report on Improving the Economic Analysis of Small Boat Harbors (2003)
  • Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Environmental Planning: Nine EASY Steps (1995)
  • Empirical Studies of the Effect of Flood Risk on Housing Prices (1998)
  • Improving Environmental Benefits Analysis in Ecosystem Restoration Planning (2003)
  • Potential Uses of Incentive Systems for Implementing The Civil Works Program (2004)
  • Shore Protection and Beach Erosion Control Study: Economic Effects of Induced Development in Corps - Protected Beachfront Communities (1995)

    Visiting Scholar Program

  • Energy & Water Nexus. Why Should the Corps Care? (2008)
    Water and energy are the two renewable resources that are most essential for human livelihood. Whereas we have been mostly concerned with non-renewable resources, as the human population grows in size and in terms of the impact that it has on the biosphere, the renewable resources become equally important. The water sector, including treatment and conveyance, is presently one of the largest users of energy, comparable to the paper and refining industries. As it becomes increasingly difficult to provide additional supply, demand will need to be managed. By providing expertise and technology for integrated water management, as well as by discharging its regulatory missions, the Army Corps of Engineers is uniquely placed to recognize energy/water interactions and to contribute to demand reduction efforts.
  • Environmental Valuation and Decision Making for Water Project Investment and Operations: Lessons from the FERC Experience (2007)
    "Environmental Valuation and Decision Making for Water Project Investment and Operations: Lessons from the FERC Experience" is of strong interest as the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) was addressing the same kinds of issues that increasingly face the Corps reviewing the viability and/or operational practices of water control projects that were built years ago, before the new emphasis on river restoration. The approach provides useful insights for the Corps as it seeks to advance its environmental restoration mission in the context of its emphasis on collaborative planning.

    Webpage

  • National Economic Development Manuals Homepage (2010)
  • Tales of the Coast (2010)
    "Tales of the Coast" describes the coasts of the United States and the varied ways that people interact with and affect coastlines. These discussions provide an understanding of the dynamic nature of coasts and their importance to the social and economic fabric of the U.S.

    White Paper

  • Implications of Panama Canal Expansion to U.S. Ports and Coastal Navigation Economic Analysis (2008)
    This paper summarizes experiences in the field along with challenges to the Panama Canal Expansion project. The paper also provides several recommendations for follow-up studies, which should ultimately lead to standardized assumptions and a revised framework for National Economic Development analyses considering the canal's expansion.


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