Plan formulation is the process by which USACE planners develop and evaluate alternative plans to address a specific water resources problem.
Engineer Circulars (ECs)
Engineer Circular 1110-2-6070: Comprehensive Evaluation of Project Datum (2009 Expiration: unlisted)
This circular provides guidance for a comprehensive evaluation of vertical datum on flood control, shore protection, hurricane protection, and navigation projects.
Engineer Manuals (EMs)
Engineer Manual 1110-2-1619: Risk-Based Analysis for Flood Damage Reduction Studies (1996)
Procedures described in this manual lead to estimation of expected benefits of proposed flood damage reduction plans using risk and uncertainty analysis.
Engineer Pamphlets (EPs)
Engineer Pamphlet 1110-2-10: Hydrologic Engineering Analysis Concepts for Cost-Shared Flood Damage Reduction Studies (1994 Update needed)
Engineer Pamphlet describes study processes performed by USACE for Federal flood damage reduction cost projects.
Engineer Pamphlet 1110-2-11: Engineering and Design - Ice Jam Flooding: Causes and Possible Solutions (1994)
Engineer Pamphlet disseminates the results of research conducted by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on the causes and possible solutions to ice jam flooding problems.
Engineer Pamphlet 1110-2-8: Explaining Flood Risk (1992)
Engineer Pamphlet improves the technical expert's skills in communicating information about flood risk to local officials and the public.
Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500 Appendix F: Example of Combining Risks and Consequences: (1996)
Engineer Pamphlet evaluates procedures for major rehabilitation where risk-based benefit-cost analysis is used.
Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500, Appendix C: Conceptual Approach for Analyzing Rehabilitation (1996)
This guidance provides a conceptual approach for analyzing rehabilitation. It requires risk-based benefit-cost analysis and criteria.
Engineer Pamphlet 1130-2-500, Appendix E: Benefits Evaluation Procedures (1996)
This appendix outlines basic procedures that can be used to evaluate rehabilitation for navigation and hydropower project purposes.
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix A: References (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet lists references in "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix B: Legislation Pertinent to the Water Resources Program of the Corps of Engineers (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet lists pertinent legislation in "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix C: Executive Orders Pertinent to the Water Resources Program of the Corps of Engineers (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet lists pertinent executive orders in the "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix D: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities- Appendix D: Office of Management and Budget Circulars (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet lists Office of Management and Budget Circulars in the "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix E: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities- Appendix E: Interagency Agreements related to Water Resources (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet describes interagency agreements related to water resources.
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Appendix F: Index (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides an index for "Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities."
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 01: The Federal Responsibility in Water Resources (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses federal responsibility and authority in water resources policy. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 02: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Roles and Policies (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses the roles of the three branches of federal government and federal agencies in water resources. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 03: General Policies (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides information on the policies that guide Corps decision making and policy making. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities.
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 04: Management of the Civil Works Program (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet includes goals and objectives for the Civil Works Program, organizational structure, management and administrative controls, and financial resource management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 05: Planning Studies (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides an in-depth look at how the Corps conducts studies. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 06: Project Cost Sharing and Repayment (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides an in-depth look at how cost sharing and repayment applies to different types of Corps projects. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 07: Report Preparation, Processing and Project Authorization, Deauthorization (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet describes preauthorization planning reports and the authorization and deauthorization process. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 08: Programming, Budgeting and Appropriations (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides information on Corps program development, appropriation, project classification, and project funding. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 10: Construction (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides a detailed look at all facets of Corps project construction. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 11: Operations, Maintenance, and Project Management (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides a detailed look at many facets of Corps project management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 12: Navigation (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet describes the Corps' role in navigation, federal policies covering navigation, and the construction aspects of navigation projects. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 13: Flood Damage Reduction (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides basic background on flood plain management, including structural and nonstructural measures. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 14: Shore Protection (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses the federal interest in beach erosion, flood protection, beach nourishment and emergency protection, among other topics. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 15: Stream Bank Erosion Control (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses federal stream bank erosion policy. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 16: Hydroelectric Power (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses the Corps' responsibilities, how the projects get built,and how the power is sold. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 17: Recreation (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses federal recreation policy and philosophy, different types of recreation projects, project evaluation, and project finance. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 18: Water Supply and Quality Management (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses federal interest, water supply projects, water quality projects, water rights, and emergency projects. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 19: Environmental Restoration and Protection (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet discusses ecosystem restoration, environmental authorities within WRDA, wetland policy, other applicable federal policies, and project management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 20: Aquatic Plant Control (1999)
Aquatic plant control program management. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 22: Support for Others (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides approval authorities, categories, and examples of work. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1, Chapter 24: Activities Related to Programs Administered by Other Federal Agencies (1999)
Engineer Pamphlet provides information on environmental programs, natural lands, hydroelectric power, and legislation outside Corps authority. Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-1: Digest of Water Resources Policies and Authorities (1999)
A summary of Corps administrative and legislative water resources policies and authorities.
Engineer Pamphlet 1165-2-314: Flood Proofing Regulations (1995 Update needed)
Engineer Pamphlet specifies flood-proofing measures and techniques that can be followed to regulate construction in riverine flood hazard areas.
EP 1105-2-57: Planning Stakeholder Engagement, Collaboration and Coordination (formerly Appendix B of the PGN) (2019)
This pamphlet explains the benefits of, and requirements for, stakeholder engagement, collaboration, and coordination in Civil Works planning studies. These activities are critical to study success because they may foster trust and credibility between USACE and the communities we serve; increase collective understanding of problems; reduce controversy and litigation risks; and improve the quality and execution of our decisions. Note: This EP replaces the existing Appendix B of the Planning Guidance Notebook.
Engineer Regulations (ERs)
Engineer Regulation 1105-2-100: Planning Guidance Notebook, Appendix E, Civil Works Mission and Evaluation Procedures (2000)
This appendix provides policy and planning guidance for project purposes of navigation, flood damage reduction, hurricane and storm damage reduction (shore protection), ecosystem restoration, hydroelectric power, recreation, water supply and multiple purpose projects.
Engineer Regulation 1105-2-100: Planning Guidance Notebook, Appendix G - Amendment #1, Planning Reports and Programs (2004)
This appendix provides guidance and procedures for the management and conduct of planning studies, activities, and programs.
Engineer Regulation 1105-2-100: Planning Guidance Notebook, Appendix H - Amendment #1, Policy Compliance Review and Approval of Decision Documents (2007)
This appendix prescribes policy compliance review and approval procedures for the following decision documents: section 905(b) analyses, feasibility reports, limited and general reevaluation reports, post-authorization change reports, and other reports supporting project authorization or budget decisions.
Engineer Regulation 1110-1-12: Quality Management (2006)
Contains information on Project Management Plans, Independent Technical Review, and Risk Management.
Engineer Regulation 1110-1-8156: Engineering and Design Policies, Guidance and Requirements for Geospatial Data and Systems (2005)
This regulation describes how to acquire geospatial data, how to implement geospatial data technology, reduce data duplication, and how to comply with Executive Order (EO) 12906, and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-16.
Engineer Regulation 1110-1-8158: Corps-Wide Centers of Expertise Program (1998)
This regulation defines the policy and process for establishing and maintaining expert designations under the Corps-wide Centers of Expertise (CX) Program. The program provides an inventory of specialized knowledge and skills within the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers (USACE) that can furnish beneficial and expert assistance to all Corps elements.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1: Provisions for Future Hydropower Installation at Corps of Engineers Projects (1982)
This regulation prescribes procedures for obtaining the Secretary of the Army's approval to provide minimum facilities for future hydroelectric power development at Corps projects.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1150: Engineering and Design for Civil Works Program (1999)
This regulation defines engineering responsibilities, requirements, and procedures during the design, construction, and operations phases.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1403: Engineering and Design Studies By Coastal, Hydraulic, and Hydrologic Facilities and Others (1998)
This regulation prescribes the policy and procedure for approval and technical supervision of coastal, hydraulic, and hydrologic studies related to planning, design, construction, and operation of projects.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1406: Coastal Field Data Collection (1990)
This regulation describes the Coastal Field Data Collection (CFDC) Program
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1451: Acquisition of Lands Downstream From Spillways For Hydrologic Safety Purposes (1978)
This regulation provides guidance on the acquisition of lands downstream from spillways for the purpose of protecting the public from hazards imposed by spillway discharges.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-1455: Cooperative Stream Gaging Program (Reports Control Symbol, DAEN-CWH-3) (1984)
This regulation establishes policy, provides background, and discusses management of the Cooperative Stream Gaging Program.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8151: Monitoring Completed Navigation Projects (1997)
This regulation states the objective, outlines the scope, discusses funding, assigns responsibility, and establishes the procedures by which the Corps of Engineers (CE) evaluates civil works navigation projects.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8154: Water Quality and Environmental Management at Corps Civil Works Projects (1995)
This regulation establishes a Policy for Water Quality Management Programs at Corps Civil Works Projects.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8159: Life-cycle Design and Performance (1997)
This regulation defines engineering policies for selection of all systems, components, and materials for Civil Works projects.
Engineer Regulation 1110-2-8160: Policies for Referencing Project Elevation Grades to Nationwide Vertical Datum (2009)
This regulation provides guidance for proper and accurately referenced materials for flood forecasting, inundation modeling, flood insurance rate maps, navigation charting, and topographic mapping.
Engineer Regulation 1130-2-445: Civil Works Digital Project Notebook (2000)
This regulation provides guidance for updating the Civil Works Digital Project Notebook (DPN) using the Internet.
Engineer Regulation 1130-2-500: Chapter 3, Major Rehabilitation Program (1996)
This chapter establishes the policy for major rehabilitation at completed Corps of Engineers projects and determinations of whether such rehabilitation should be accomplished under the Major Rehabilitation Program with Construction, General funds, or for applicable projects, with Construction funds under the Flood Control, Mississippi River and Tributaries appropriation title.
Engineer Regulation 1150-2-302: Local Cooperation - Annual Report on Local Cooperation Agreements (RCS: DAEN-CWO-44) (1981)
This regulation states the procedure for reporting requirements of Section 221 of the Flood Control Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-611).
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-111: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Corps of Engineers Activities Under the Small Reclamation Projects Act of 1956, As Amended (1982)
This regulation provides guidance regarding Corps of Engineers assistance to applicants for loans of projects with a flood control potential.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-117: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Responsibility for Costs of Improved Standards in Highway and Housing Relocations (1978)
This regulation summarizes policy and procedures for identifying the costs of meeting improved standards when highways and housing are relocated due to construction of civil works projects.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-118: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Federal Participation in Covered Flood Control Channels (1978)
This regulation establishes policy for determining the extent of Federal participation in covered flood control channels.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-119: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Modifications to Completed Projects (1982)
This regulation provides guidance on the use of available authorities in comparison to the need for new project authorizations.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-121: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Flood Control Cost-Sharing Requirements Under the Ability-to-Pay Provision-Section 103(M) of PL 99-662 (1989)
This regulation gives instruction on implementation of Section 103(M) as it applies to flood control projects.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-123: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Single-Owner Situations (1992)
This regulation provides policy guidance regarding Corps interests in civil works projects that would directly serve a single entity.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-130: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Federal Participation in Shore Protection (1989)
This regulation provides policies and guidelines for determining the extent of federal participation in potential federal projects for protection from shore erosion, hurricanes, and abnormal tidal and lake flooding that result in damages or losses to coastal resources and/or development.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-131: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Local Cooperation Agreements for New Start Construction Projects (1989)
This regulation provides guidance on procedures and responsibilities for developing, submitting and obtaining approval of LCAs for new construction starts (not CAPs).
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-132: Water Resources Policies and Authorizations; Hazardous Toxic and Radioactive Waste (HTRW) Guidance for Civil Works Projects (1992)
This regulation provides guidance on issues and problems associated with HTRW, which may be located within project boundaries.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-18: Reimbursement for Nonfederal Participation in Civil Works Projects (1989)
This regulation provides guidance on use of Section 215 of the Flood Control Act of 1968, to reimburse non-federal public bodies for construction of part of an authorized federal project.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-21: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Flood Damage Reduction Measures in Urban Areas (1980)
This regulation provides policy and guidance for participation in urban flood damage reduction projects.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-25: Navigation Policy- Cost Apportionment of Bridge Alterations (1979)
This regulation provides policies and guidelines for the apportionment of bridge alteration costs required in connection with navigation improvements.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-26: Water Resources Policies and Authorities, Implementation and Executive Order, Engineer Regulation 11988 on Flood Plain Management. (1984)
This regulation sets guidance for USACE implementation of Order 11988, Floodplain Management, as it pertains to civil works projects in design and construction.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-400, Chapter 1: Water Resources Policies and Authorities - Recreational Planning, Development, and Management Policies (1985)
This regulation defines objectives, philosophies, and policies for the planning, development, and management of outdoor recreation and wildlife at USACE projects.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-501: Civil Works Ecosystem Restoration Policy (1999)
This regulation provides policy on Corps of Engineers involvement in ecosystem restoration and protection through CW programs and activities.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-502: Resources Policies and Authorities; Delegation of Review and Approval Authority for Post-Authorization Decision Documents (2014)
This regulation provides guidance on delegated review and approval of Post-Authorization Decision Documents.
Engineer Regulation 1165-2-503: Resources Policies and Authorities - Office of Management and Budget Clearance for The Questionnaires for U.S. Army Engineer Civil Works Studies and Projects (2007)
This regulation establishes instructions on clearance for the questionnaires for U.S. Army Engineer Civil Works Studies and Projects (OMB Control Number 0710-0001).
Engineer Regulation 200-1-5: Policy for Implementation and Integrated Application of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Environmental Operating Principles (EOP) and Doctrine (2003)
This regulation provides guidance on the implementation and integration of the Environmental Operating Principles across management initiatives and business processes.
Engineer Regulation 200-2-2: Procedures for Implementing NEPA (1988)
This regulation provides guidance for implementation of the procedural provisions of the NEPA for the Civil Works Program of the USACE.
Engineer Regulation 25-1-98: Publications in the Federal Register (1996)
This regulation prescribes policies, procedures and responsibilities for submitting U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) documents to the U.S. Army Publications and Printing Command (USAPPC) for publishing in the Federal Register (FR).
Engineer Regulation 37-1-28: Continuing Resolution Authority (2001)
This regulation establishes the procedures by which U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) activities will operate under and immediately following one or more Continuing Resolutions.
Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference Regarding H.R. 1495
This document is a joint explanatory statement of the committee of conference; WRDA Statement of Managers.
Institute for Water Resources
Budget Constraints and Decision Making: Development of Policy Guidelines for Planning of Civil Works Programs and Projects (1997)
Corps of Engineers Harbor Projects: Development of Tools, Measures and Organization of Data for Evaluating Performance; Volume 1 - Technical Report (1999)
The goal of this study is to develop a rational, performance-based analytical instrument that can be used by decision-makers to evaluate, compare, and update the value of several hundred projects maintained by the Corps.
Guidebook for the Preparation and Use of Project Study Plans (1996)
Handbook on Applying "Other Social Effects" Factors in Corps of Engineers Water Resources Planning (2009)
The Corps has recognized that there are many implementation issues that need to be addressed if OSE factors are to play a greater role in water resources planning. IWR was directed to provide tools to Corps planners to help integrate OSE analysis into project planning.
Issues and Applications in Formulation and Evaluation Considering the 4 P & G Accounts (2008)
This white paper highlights the challenges and potential approaches when considering these accounts in project planning, particularly with respect to formulation, evaluation, and selection. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are discussed to help inform discussion on this topic, which is believed to be quite relevant given recent WRDA 2007 proposals calling for updates and revisions to the Principles & Guidelines, regulations, and circulars. The paper also identified other issues that may require follow-up study or special attention.
Making More Informed Decisions in Your Watershed When Dollars Aren't Enough (1998)
National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Primer (2009)
As the Corps of Engineers strives to improve its planning and decision making, economic analysis is one of its most reliable and important tools. A critical element of successful economic analysis is communication with others in gathering data, making assumptions, developing models, and presenting results. This Economics Primer presents the rudiments of the science of economics and its use in the Corps of Engineers.
National Economic Development Procedures Manual: Public Surveys Volume I - Use and Adaptation of Office of Management & Budget Approved Survey Questionnaires (1993)
Non-Federal Cost Recovery and Financing for Water Projects (1994)
Reviews non-Federal financing instruments and revenue sources for water resources projects. Assesses benefits of careful financial analysis and planning for water projects. Reviews financing and cost recovery techniques applicable to each water project purpose.
Proceedings, Economic & Social Scientist Workshop (1986)
The theme and reason for the workshop was to provide a wide range of views on cost sharing so that everyone could better understand the benefits, requirements and hazards of the new cost-sharing policies. The workshop took place in Baltimore, Maryland at the Days Inn on 27-30 May 1986.
Trade-Off Analysis for Environmental Projects: An Annotated Bibliography (1995)
This study explores the literature for analytical techniques that can support the complex decision-making process surrounding Corps environmental projects. Specifically, this literature review focuses on opportunities for using trade-off methodologies in the plan formulation process.
Information Paper: Plan Formulation Strategies (2017)
Using strategies to guide and organize the formulation of alternative plans is a sound method of conducting key parts of a civil works planning study. Strategies can be employed to help group or combine measures, define alternatives, identify different ways to solve problems, and provide a logical, transparent process to more quickly develop an initial array of distinctly different alternatives.
Initial Plan Formulation Strategies (2017)
Mr. Leigh Skaggs, HQ Office of Water Project Review, presented this webinar focusing on Planning Step #3 of the six-step planning process Formulation of Alternative Plans, and specifically, developing initial plan formulation strategies. Leigh discussed tools and helpful tips for this step, engaging the audience with polls, feedback via chat, etc
Lessons Learned and Best Practices: Recent Experiences with Cost Effectiveness and Incremental Cost Analyses (CE/ICA) for Ecosystem Restoration Projects (2016)
Recent reviews of Civil Works ecosystem restoration feasibility studies by planning and policy reviewers at HQUSACE have uncovered several recurring policy and technical issues. This article highlights lessons learned from these reviews and suggested best practices to help address them.
Plan Formulation Strategies for Ecosystem Restoration (2017)
This presentation was developed by members of our Plan Formulation sub-CoP to provide a stand-alone set of slides and accompanying notes that can help an individual or a group learn the basic concepts of plan formulation strategies, as well as their utility. The presentation answers such questions as, What are plan formulation strategies? How do they fit into the Corps planning process? How are they useful? Why are they important? Where do they come from? What are some examples of strategies for ecosystem restoration projects?
Quick Reference to Climate Considerations (2018)
This quick reference guidance addressed three relevant climate factors to achieve expedient climate risk-informed decision-making: datums, sea level change, and climate-impacted hydrology. This quick reference synthesizes but does not supplant or replace existing policy and guidance.
Incorporating Ecosystem Services into Federal Decision Making (2015)
This memorandum directs agencies to develop and institutionalize policies to promote consideration of ecosystem services, where appropriate and practicable, in planning, investments, and regulatory contexts, and sets forth the process for development of implementation guidance.
Memo: Cost Sharing for Lands Associated with Fish and Wildlife Mitigations (September 19, 2006) (2006)
This memorandum provides guidance on the policy applicable to cost-sharing of lands, easements, rights of way, and relocations (LERRs) associated with fish and wildlife mitigation for water resources development projects, including continuing authorities program projects. The guidance will be applied prospectively to ongoing and future pre-authorization and pre-Project Cooperation Agreement (PCA) planning activities.